The Multigenerational Workforce: Boomers and Xers and Nets, Oh MY! References


Information on-line at the American Nurses Association‘s web site

CSR Report to Congress: A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is it on the Horizon or Already here? A report by Linda Levine, Specialist in Labor Economics in 2001. Retrieved on July 30, 2006,

Nursing links to internet resources for nurses on the ANA web site:

Nursing Facts: Nursing Shortage: Provides an overview of the age differences among working nurses. Retrieved on Aug 25, 2006,

Organizations: Professional and Global

Information available from both professional and international websites

ICN on Occupational Stress and the Threat to Worker Health International Council of Nurses site that discusses factors that cause stress to nurses. Retrieved August 25, 2006 from

Work Force Survey. National Council of State Boards of Nursing. (2004). This report examines the results of a Georgia Hospital Association workforce survey conducted the fall of 2004. One issue addressed is the differences in expectations between age groups and working in an environment that requires the business to function 24/7. Retrieved on August 23, 2006 from

Report Evaluates Knowledge of How to Retain Older Nurses in the Bedside Practice. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (June 2006). Evidence of retention strategies' effectiveness is scant; findings among first to seek nurses' own views of working to retirement. There is a link to the full report from this website. Retrieved on July 28, 2006 from

Generational Differences at Work. PsychNET, American Psychological Association. (Dittman, M. June 2005). A psychologist studies ways to help traditionalists, baby boomers, gen Xers and millennials work better together, despite their generational differences. Retrieved on July 31, 2006 from

Generation Stereotypes. PsychNET, American Psychological Association. (Patterson, C. January 2005.) Practical model defining working characteristics. Retrieved on July 31, 2006 from

You Belong Here. Sigma Theta Tau International. (October 2002). Two articles address the issues of generational nursing: How to Bridge the Generation Gap (Polifroni, E. C.) and Managers: Factor X and Y in Your Employee Equation (Parker, M.P. & Kupperschmidt, B.R.). Retrieved on July 30, 2006 from

The Net Generation & the School. Milken Family Foundation: Leading Advances in Education and Medical Research. (Tapscott, D. 2005) Online article discussing the new challenges and rewards of educating today‘s N-generation. Retrieved on July 30, 2006 from

Act Now for Your Tomorrow: Final Report of the National Commission on Nursing Workforce for Long-Term Care. (April 2005). This 47 page document details nursing shortage in long-term care and initiatives to be implemented to correct it. Retrieved on July 30, 2006 from

Government Agencies

Sites related to U.S. and other Governments

>Nursing Shortage a National Perspective . (June 2001.) Office of Congressional & Legislative Affairs: Testimony & Legislation. Statement of Thomas L. Garthwaite, M.D. Under Secretary for Health Veterans Health Administration before the Committee on Veterans‘‘ Affairs United States Senate. Reports on the shortage of registered nurses due the aging workforce and decreasing enrollment of students into schools of nursing. Focuses on the needs with veterans‘ affairs and strategies employed to correct the problem. Retrieved on July 30, 2006 from

National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice. Second Report to the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Congress. (November, 2002.) 71 paged report discussing the nursing shortage and proposed strategies to improve the problem. Provides a focus on educational strategies to increase the number of nursing faculty. Retrieved July 30,2006 from or

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Government website of links related to equal employment opportunities. Retrieved on July 30, 2006 from

Educational Settings

Information generated from academic sites

Educating the Net Generation (an e-book) ed. Oblinger & Oblinger. (2005). This collection explores the Net Gen and the implications for institutions in areas such as teaching, service, learning space design, faculty development, and curriculum. The aptitudes, attitudes, expectations, and learning styles of Net Gen students reflect the environment in which they were raised'”one that is decidedly different from that which existed when faculty and administrators were growing up. Retrieved on July 1, 2006 from

Generational Styles. Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. (November, 2005). This is a wide-ranging list of resources of books, games, videos, and journal articles addressing the topic. Retrieved on June 30, 2006 from

The Net Generation: Implications for Nursing Education and Practice. University of Colorado Health Sciences Center School of Nursing. (Skiba, D.J.) Interactive site which appears as a chapter in a book presents the characteristics of this generation and a summary of how they work, play and learn within our society. Retrieved on July 3, 2006 from


Articles from a variety of sources.

Georgia Nurse. Wieck, K. L. (Feb-Apr. 2005). Generational Approaches to Current Nursing Issues Edition #6 June 2004. The article aims at helping nurses working in an intergenerational workplace to not just endure but enjoy and celebrate the differences and similarities. Retrieved July 1, 2006 from

Less Turnover, Better Patient Care. Hospital & Health Networks. (Leebov, W. 2005).
This online article encourages managers to employ strategies to help employees to do the job they were hired for: caring for patients. Retrieved on July 3, 2006 from Organizational Management and Generation X. (Kaminski, J. February 2003). Online article provides insight into Generation X in how they behave, think, and are motivated to work. It provides an analysis of the needs, issues, and dynamics in leading Gen-X. Retrieved June 30, 2006 from

Nursing Management . Hill, K. ( January, 2004 ). Defy the decades with multigenerational teams. Learn techniques to relate to staff of any age. Retrieved on July 1, 2006 from

Nursing Management. Kupperschmidt, B. R. (March 2000). Tips to help your recruit, manage, and keep generation x employees. Reviews lessons learned by management as Generation X employees entered the workforce. They now make up a large and valuable portion of our nurses. Retrieved June 30, 2006 from

Nursing Management. Martin, C. A. (April 2003). Transcend generational timelines.

This article provides innovative recruitment and retention strategies of several progressive health care facilities. Retrieved on June 30, 2006 from

Nursing Spectrum. Parker, M. P. & Kupperschmidt, B. R. (March, 2002). Managers: Factor X and Y in Your Employee Equation. Encourages Baby Boomer managers to learn appreciate the differences in generation X and Y outlook on life and work. Retrieved on July 7, 2006 from

Nursing Spectrum . Spillane, J. (March, 2002). Bridging the generation gap essay wins the award. Insight into the generation gap between baby boomers and generation X in today‘s nursing workforce. Retrieved on June 30, 2006 from

Nurseweek. Domrose, C. (May, 2001). Bridges across time. Nurses from a range of age groups talk about their differences to understanding each other and improve workplace relations. Retrieved on July 1, 2006 from

Retaining Older Nurses in Hospital Practice: A Newsmaker Interview with Barbara J. Hatcher, PhD, RN, MPH. Medscape. Barclay, L. (June, 2006). This online article discusses strategies for hospitals aiming to recruit and retain older, more experienced nurses. The report, sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, entitled "Wisdom at Work: The Importance of the Older and Experienced Nurse in the Workplace," points out that retaining older nurses is crucial to address the national nursing shortage, as well as the high cost of nurse turnover. Retrieved on June 30, 2006 from"/convimages/mp"

Other Miscellaneous

Related information available on the web

A Generational Gap in Work Philosophy. National Public Radio: Morning Edition. (December, 2005). Commentator on this morning talk show finds that he can learn something from the younger generation. Retrieved on August 23, 2006 from

Five generational differences shaping leadership. Merrill Associates. (April, 2005). Highlights the characteristics needed to flourish in today‘s work environment with generation X and Y.

Generational Differences in the Workplace. National Public Radio: Morning Edition. (January, 2006). An interview with CEO Fred Miller and President Corey Jamison of The Kaleel Jamison Consulting Group. This company specializes in corporate culture, generation differences and conflict in the office. Retrieved July 30, 2006 from

Generational Conflict in Nursing: How to Relate to Colleagues Across Generations. Monster: Nursing. Mehallow , C. (2006). Prepares new nurses to be aware of the four generations they will encounter in the workforce and strategies to overcome those differences. Retrieved on July 1, 2006 from

Nursing Leadership Characteristics: Effect on Nursing Job Satisfaction and Retention of Baby Boomer and Generation X Nurses. Dissertation submitted to the University of Central Florida. (Swearingen, S. 2004.) Research determined a positive perception of nursing leadership had a positive impact on nurse retention. Retrieved July 30, 2006 at workforce%3A%20Leveraging%20strengths%2C%20cultivating%20satisfaction.%22

Stanford Nurse. Moore, B. & Taylor, S. (Fall 2004). Learning to work with generational diversity. This magazine provides a colorful overview of the generational differences as learning tool and challenges you to create a productive work environment. Retrieved on July 1, 2006 from

The Medical Journal of Australia. Schofield, D. J. & Beard, J. R. (May, 2005). Baby boomer doctors and nurses: demographic change and transitions to retirement. This article examines the effect of demographic changes in employment patterns in the healthcare workforce. Due to the retiring baby boomer healthcare workforce policies and incentives are needed to meet the project needs

Monthly Labor Review. Toossi, M. (November, 2005). This article reviews the labor projections to 2014 that will result because of retiring boomers. Retrieved on August 25, 2006 from